Temperature monitoring wristband for hypothermic babies
BEMPU is a temperature monitoring wristband for newborn babies. The wristband intuitively alerts a parent if the baby’s temperature drops and the baby becomes hypothermic. Compared to current standards of care, the device reliably prevents hypothermia and its complications, and it promotes kangaroo mother care (skin-to-skin care) in low-resource clinics and homes.
Using rats to detect Tuberculosis
Used by: Mozambique, Tanzania
“Detection rats technology” consists of equipment, training methods and operational procedures in which trained rats detect Tuberculosis. One TB evaluation unit exists of a semi-automated cage, featuring 10 holes and an automated food pellet dispenser. The holes are covered with lids and under the holes 10 sputum samples are presented for odor discrimination by rats. The lids are uncovered one by one and the animals sniff hole per hole for positive targets. Every hole is equipped with a laser beam, broken by the nose of the rat. A rat only needs a few hundreds of a second to discriminate the target odor. In case of a negative sample the rat immediately moves on to the next sample. Positive samples are indicated by keeping their nose fixed in the sniffer hole for at least 3 seconds, which is registered in a database. Known positives are inserted to allow reinforcement of indication behavior. At 3 seconds indication of known positive samples, the animals hear a click sound and they receive a food reward. Indications of a suspect sample, are not reinforced but noted down. Rat detected suspect samples are re-tested on the presence of TB using concentrated smear and LED microscopy.
A biometric tracking system
Categories: Healthcare, Information & Communication Technology
Organization: Operation ASHA
Contact person: Sandeep Ahuja
Used in: India, Uganda, Dominican Republic, Cambodia, Kenya
eCompliance has dramatically increased adherence among tuberculosis (TB) patients who have to take up to 75 doses under observation of a health worker, over 6 months. eCompliance consists of a 7” Android tablet connected to a commercial finger print reader. The tablet has a SIM card, which communicates data to a server every 20 minutes, which then collates it in an Electronic Medical Record System (EMR). Every patient is registered in the tablet with fingerprints. The entire treatment algorithm is built in the tablet. When a patient misses a scheduled meeting with the health worker, an alert is sent to everyone including the patient (with prior permission), health worker and supervisor. The worker has to phone or meet the patient within 48 hours, provide the dose, provide further counseling and convince the patient to re-join the therapy. This meeting is recorded with simultaneous fingerprints of the patient and worker. eCompliance also records worker attendance and eliminates absenteeism. It also records geo-locations of patients/ workers. EMR collates all data and generates all reports automatically. eCompliance can be applied to any disease that needs long term care.
Embrace Nest: The...
Sleeping bag incubator with reusable heat pads
Organization: Embrace - USA
Contact: Alejandra Villalobos
Used by: Afghanistan, China, Guatemala, India, Mexico, Mozambique, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda, Zambia
Embrace developed a low-cost and energy-efficient infant warmer, which addresses the key challenge of preventing hypothermia for infants with low birth weight in developing countries. The design looks like a miniature sleeping bag and incorporates phase change material, which maintains a constant, clinically ideal temperature for up to 6 hours. Unlike traditional incubators, it allows physical contact between mother and child, promoting the development of a strong maternal bond. It is an intuitive device that can be reused, sterilized and repaired locally. The design of the device incorporates a wax-like phase change material (PCM) which, when heated for 25 minutes using an electric heater, ensures that the infant remains in a clinically approved temperature for up to 6 hours. The device was engineered to minimize the heat loss from the PCM to its surroundings. The electric heater requires intermittent access to an AC power source; however, it can also run off a generator or any alternate AC power source. A new version of the infant warmer, which is heated by boiling water and would therefore be suitable for more remote and resource-poor areas, is currently under pilot testing.
Disposal of hospital waste
Categories: Healthcare, Waste Management & Recycling
Organization: Technik ohne Grenzen e.V. (technology without borders Germany) - Germany
Contact: Veronika Birk
Used by: Ghana
In hospitals, clinical waste is often disposed of in such a way that human health and the environment are endangered. This is why Technology without Borders (Technik ohne Grenzen – TeoG) helps. Together with the management of Ghanaian hospitals, TeoG develops and implements processes for the separation, recycling and disposal of waste. Incinerators are constructed on site to burn the biomedical waste appropriate. TeoG provides the know-how and helps with the money – the main responsibility of the project however lies with the management of the hospital. Two members of TeoG are present and train the partners in the operation of the incinerators and in the sustainable handling of waste. The contact is maintained to ensure long-term success.
underground construction for biogas production
Categories: Energy, Food & Agriculture, Education, Healthcare, Housing & Construction, Water & Waste Water
Organization: People in Need and National Biodigester Program
Used in: Cambodia
The Farmer’s Friend Biodigester is an underground construction where biogas is produced from decomposing animal manure under anaerobic conditions, which is then harnessed as a fuel for domestic gas stoves and lamps. Families don’t need to purchase or cut down wood for cooking in smoke-filled rooms anymore. Thanks to reduced burning of firewood, the improved manure management system and the utilization of biogas, greenhouse gas emissions fall annually by 5 t CO2 per biodigester. The effluent (digester slurry) is used as an effective organic fertilizer improving soil quality and production while reducing farmers’ expenditures. The farmer’s friend design is based on the ‘Deenbandhu’ model which is in use for over 20 now years in India. The majority of domestic biodigesters is promoted and constructed by private Biodigester Construction Companies (BCC) which were established and coached by joint NBP-SNV-PIN initiative and support. BCCs are small enterprises providing employment and qualification to over 800, predominantly young people living in the rural areas of Cambodia. According to the latest monitoring report, around 2,000 man-years of rural employment have been created between 2006-2013.
Micro health insurance program based on recyclable waste...
Categories: Healthcare, Waste Management & Recycling
Garbage Clinical Insurance (GCI) is a micro health insurance program which uses recyclable waste as a financial resource. With this program, the community is able to pay for clinical services by using garbage as payment to an insurance scheme. The project predominantly targets waste collectors and encourages the community to mobilize their own unused resources to improve their access to health services. It further breaks down barriers between health facilities and community members.
GiftedMom - Ending...
Preventive SMS & voice reminders to improve maternal health
Categories: Education, Information & Communication Technology, Healthcare
GiftedMom is a social enterprise aiming to improve maternal health using last mile mobile technologies. Combining SMS and voice reminders with a GPS-integrated tricycle transportation, the project aims to end preventable maternal and infant deaths. Using a customized SMS notification and voice education platform, the solution leverages on the high amount of mobile devices in Africa and provides antenatal care and vaccination reminders to pregnant women and new mothers respectively.
Water filter to eliminate arsenic
Categories: Water & Waste Water, Healthcare
Organization: proH2O - EWYConsulting
Contact: Walter Ewy
Used by: Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, being tested in Vietnam
proH2O removes dangerous contaminations of arsenic from water to get drinking water quality (WHO). The system uses two 10 inch filters. The first stage is an adsorbent for arsenic removal; the second stage is a carbon block for water filtration. It uses a scaled down technique that is usually used for large water treatment plants. Installation, maintenance and support of the filter installations are done by local personnel. If necessary the filter can be extended with additional components like inline membrane filters for bacterial and virus protection.
Invi - self defence...
Jewellery wearable bracelet allows nonviolent self-defense
In response to the widespread problem of sexual violence, the company has developed a self-defense product that enables women to protect themselves. The “Pearltect” is a bracelet worn as jewellery. This bracelet however contains a breakable capsule (the pearl) filled with an (unpleasant) odoriferous substance to repel, and DNA dye to mark, the attacker.
Wheelchair for rough ground
Organization: GRIT - USA
Contact: Tish Scolnik
Used by: Guatemala, Haiti, India, Kenya, Philippines, Vietnam, Uganda
The Leveraged Freedom Chair (LFC) was designed by the development team at MIT to help people with physical disabilities in developing countries and has been in operation since 2008. It has been tested in East Africa, Central America and India. The LFC uses a unique lever drivetrain which makes it faster than conventional wheelchairs and enables it to travel over extremely rough terrain. Instead of using gears and derailleurs which are likely to break under the rough conditions in developing countries, the user can change gears and achieves a 3:1 change in mechanical advantage by simply moving his hands up and down a set of levers that are connected to the drivetrain. Grabbing high on the levers provides more torque to get over obstacles, while grabbing low on the levers increases angular velocity for fast travel on smooth ground. By using common bicycle parts in the production of the LFC, the costs are kept low and users, even in rural villages, can easily repair and maintain the product themselves.
clean, disinfect and sterilize contaminated surgical...
Organization: RSO Shift
Contact: Raphael Schönweitz
With our specially adapted medical rucksack we offer to doctors in developing countries a completely new type of device, which will - by the mere use of solar energy - clean, disinfect and sterilize contaminated surgical instruments. Because of its integrated water treatment plant our new device produces the necessarily clean water even from contaminated water of rivers or the sea. Due to the use of solar energy the device is completely self-sufficient and independent of any supply of electricity or gas. In case of fluctuating sunshine a new type of storage technology enables the safe use of solar energy in medical technology. The device is consistent with CE regulations. Furthermore, it is extremely robust and can easily be operated. It is aimed for the use in rural developing areas, for example by African doctors and their assistants. As the device is integrated into a rucksack it can easily be carried to any remote region. The technical feasibility is proved by the University of Cassel. A functional prototype will be developed by the end of 2014. A technical prototype will be constructed one year later. By the middle of 2016 the device should be on the market.
Locally-made biodegradable sanitary pads
Organization: Technology for Tomorrow Limited - Uganda
Contact: Moses Musaazi
Used by: Sierra Leone, Uganda
MakaPads are sanitary pads made from papyrus and paper waste. The naturally absorbent material has a high capacity (one pad can be used for 8 to 10 hours). Contrary to most other sanitary pads on the market, there is no additional absorption enhancement required. They are assembled with a moisture barrier and mesh covering and can be purchased with or without an adhesive. The dried and pulverised papyrus fibres are processed into a thick paste with paper and water. This is dried in the sun, smoothed, pressed and cut to size into absorbent inserts with mechanically operated machines. The pads are sealed in packs of three and then exposed to ultra violet light to kill off all bacteria or germs. Because the sanitary napkins are made of natural material and do not contain any chemical additives, they are almost 100% biodegradable and do not cause any intolerances. The mostly manual production process needs very little electrical energy and can be generated via solar panels of total 350 W. Subsequently, Makapads are produced with minimum carbon footprint.
North Star Alliance
Providing Access to Health Care for Hard to Reach...
Categories: Healthcare, Success Stories
Organization: North Star Alliance
Name of the project: Providing Access to Health Care for Hard to Reach Populations
Used by: South Africa, Swaziland, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana
Roadside Wellness Centre's (RWC's) are converted shipping containers that have been refurbished as fit for purpose health clinics. Based on a mapping exercise and site assessments in consultation with government and other partners, these clinics are placed at hotspots such as border posts or transit towns where large numbers of truckers stop and where informal trade and sex worker activity flourishes. These clinics are open after hours to allow these communities to access services. The services offered include HIV Counseling and Testing, STI diagnosis and treatments, Primary Health Care, Behaviour Change Communication, Condom Distribution and screening for TB and Malaria. The services are offered free of charge.
Specs for one dollar crafted manually empowering people
Organization: EinDollarBrille e.V. - Germany
Contact: Martin Aufmuth
Used by: Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Benin, Malawi, Bolivia, Brasil, Mexico
The OneDollarGlasses are manufactured on bending and milling machines specially designed for this purpose. The spectacle frames consist of a lightweight and flexible frame made of extremely robust, rustproof and hypoallergenic spring steel wire (1 mm). The frames are manufactured by hand on a bending device which does not need a power supply. Different physiognomies can be taken into account individually when bending the frame. The elliptical polished, unbreakable lenses are given the notches and steps for fastening in the spectacle frames on the milling attachment and can be inserted in no time. This milling machine can be operated via a decentralized power supply thanks to the low power consumption (generator or solar station). Heat-shrinkable sleeves made of hypoallergenic plastic on the ear piece ends increase the wearing comfort of the glasses. Because the glasses have very little weight, they do not require nosebridges. Two coloured glass pearls give each pair of glasses its own personal design. The total material costs for a pair of glasses amount to approx. 0.80 US dollar. The production process of a standard pair of glasses takes about 15 minutes (including the machining of the lenses).
Peepoo – Single-use...
Recyclable single-use toilet bags
Categories: Waste Management & Recycling, Water & Waste Water, Healthcare
Organization: Peepoople - Sweden
Contact: Anders Wilhelmson
Used by: Bangladesh, Haiti, India, Kenya, Pakistan, South Africa
Peepoo is a personal, single-use toilet which sanitizes human excreta shortly after defecation, thereby preventing faeces from contaminating and spreading lethal diseases such as cholera and diarrhoea. After use, urea inside Peepoo inactivates harmful pathogens in the faeces within 2-4 weeks. It is designed in the form of a slim elongated outer bag with a wider inner funnel that expands the opening while using it. After use, Peepoo is sealed with a knot that makes it completely airtight. It works as a micro-treatment plant: With the help of the enzyme urease present in the human faeces, the urea in Peepoo breaks down to carbon dioxide and ammonia. Each Peepoo can contain up to 800 ml of faeces and urine. To facilitate usage, Peepoo can be fitted on any standard 1-3 liter container/bucket or the specially designed Peepoo seat/holder for sitting or squatting, called Peepoo Kiti. Peepoo remains odor-free for at least 12 hours after use and can be stored in the immediate environment.
Polycentric prosthetic knee for amputees
Organization: D-Rev (Design Revolution) - United States
Contact: Krista Donaldson
Used by: Columbia, Ecuador, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Liberia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Uganda
ReMotion Knee is an affordable, polycentric prosthetic knee designed for amputees in developing countries. Using durable, polymer-based materials with proven polycentric mechanism, instead of the typical steel or titanium, the ReMotion Knee is designed to improve usability and manufacturability. It has simple, universal attachments to interface with standard prosthetic leg systems, is made up of five components and four standard fasteners and weighs less than 0.5 kg – one of the lightest knees on the market. The knee’s 165-degree range of motion makes movements possible that are relevant to local cultures. Its lifespan has shown to exceed 3-5 years (3 million gait cycles), which is consistent with the benchmark set by prosthetics available on Western markets. The solution also addresses sensitive user issues, such as smooth and quiet operation, critical quality and bandwidth problems with local manufacturing through injection molding for mass production.
SHIPO Tube recharge
Rainwater filtration with the use of a tube
Categories: Water & Waste Water, Healthcare
Organization: SHIPO (Southern Highlands Participatory Organisation)
Contact: Morten Van Donk
Used in: Ghana, Tanzania, Zambia
Out of the some 4 million hand dug wells in Africa an estimated 50 % is dry at the end of the dry season. One reason is the lack of rainwater infiltration around the well because of compacted soils, erosion or shorter but heavy rains as a result of climate change. Options to increase the infiltration of rainwater are: small dams, cultivation on contour or planting of plants like vertiver. Another and new option is the so called Tube recharge. This option functions in areas with compact soils where rain flows away to rivers. The technology is based on Indian recharge technologies but simpler and cheaper. After a training, families themselves can apply it and increase water volumes in their well. The cost of materials for a Tube recharge is less than 10 USD and the volumes that can be recharged can be 100 to 500 cubic meters per rain season. A wide scale application of this technology could increase access of water for millions of people.
SHIPO Tube Well...
A manual drilling technique combining percussion, sludging...
Categories: Water & Waste Water, Healthcare
Organization: Southern Highlands Participatory Organisation (SHIPO)
Contact: Henk Holtslag
Used by: Tanzania, Malawi
With the fast population growth the goal "Water and food for all" requires new approaches. For communal rural water supply machine drilled boreholes and imported handpumps are now used and cost 5,000-10,000 USD for 250 people. In 50% of the cases manual drilling seems possible and if well done, has the same quality as machine drilled wells but costs much less. SHIPO Tube Well Drilling is a manual drilling technique combining percussion, sludging and jetting. With this method about 300 wells to 45 meters deep have been made and are often combined with locally produced Rope pumps. A water point with this combination costs 1,000 to 1,500 USD is for 150 people, which is 70% less expensive than similar water points made with other technologies. Drilling of tube wells is safer than hand digging and can go deeper so there is water all year round. This technology is fit for communal wells or for self-supply wells at the family level. A wide scale application of this technology and manual well drilling in general will have huge positive impact on access to water, reducing poverty and increasing food security.
Online research referenced information to clinic sisters
Categories: Healthcare, Information & Communication Technology
Contact: Heather Smithard
Used by: South Africa
www.websister.co.za or Websister™, is an online portal providing researched, referenced information to practicing clinic sisters in South Africa. The initial vision of the website was aimed at pharmacy clinic sisters. Nurses from other scopes of practice find the website equally useful with content accessed daily. Content for the local market is written by healthcare professionals. However, South African legislation dictates the advertising of specific scheduled medication to healthcare professionals only, therefore professionals have to register with password to access the articles. The general public has only access to summaries of the articles. A more comprehensive m-health platform is set up during 2014 including Continuous Professional Development (CPD) for nurses.
Internet database for equipment management software
Categories: Information & Communication Technology, Healthcare
Organization: MED International
Contact: Carlota Paredes Serras
Used by: Zanzibar
MED International’s equipment management software (MiEMS) is an Internet database that is used to maintain an inventory of hospital equipment and monitor this inventory’s functionality, currently used in Zanzibar, Tanzania. This software helps to create an effective supply chain for hospital equipment by (1) enabling hospital technicians to systematize equipment repairs; (2) providing information about existing equipment needs to equipment-donating NGOs and the Ministry of Health (MOH); and (3) enabling the MOH and MED International to evaluate the effectiveness of equipment donation and repair processes.