Peepoo is a personal, single-use toilet which sanitizes human excreta shortly after defecation, thereby preventing faeces from contaminating and spreading lethal diseases such as cholera and diarrhoea. After use, urea inside Peepoo inactivates harmful pathogens in the faeces within 2-4 weeks. It is designed in the form of a slim elongated outer bag with a wider inner funnel that expands the opening while using it. After use, Peepoo is sealed with a knot that makes it completely airtight. It works as a micro-treatment plant: With the help of the enzyme urease present in the human faeces, the urea in Peepoo breaks down to carbon dioxide and ammonia. Each Peepoo can contain up to 800 ml of faeces and urine. To facilitate usage, Peepoo can be fitted on any standard 1-3 liter container/bucket or the specially designed Peepoo seat/holder for sitting or squatting, called Peepoo Kiti. Peepoo remains odor-free for at least 12 hours after use and can be stored in the immediate environment.
The UN estimates that the number of people living in slums passed 1 billion in 2007 and could reach 1.39 billion in 2013. In Asia and the Pacific, two out of five urban dwellers live in slums, compared with three out of five in Africa. In percentage terms, sub-Saharan Africa has about 72 percent of city dwellers living in slums. Among a range of other problems, these slums are largely lacking sanitation which has a major impact on the health and lives of people living in these hazardous environments.
Peepoo is easy to use at home, which increases health and safety especially for woman and children. This makes Peepoo a relevant solution for urban slums, schools, emergencies and refugee-camps. Peepoos can be collected in a specially developed collection system or utilized as fertilizer in household gardens after storing them for four weeks.
Peepoo offers a variety of opportunities for small local businesses. Women micro-entrepreneurs and small kiosk retail outlets are the most important sales channels in urban slums. The women sell Peepoos door-to-door, or at plot parties which are organized like Tupperware parties. When the volume increases, local businesses can also develop from the collection and the processing of used Peepoos into commercial fertilizer. Currently, the collection and processing is performed by Peepoople with the aim of demonstrating viable business models that later can be franchised.
Materials: Biopolymer that disintegrates in soil and brakes down into carbon dioxide, water and biomass
Constituents: Aliphatic/aromatic co-polyesters (Ecoflex) and polylactic acid (PLA), with small additives of wax and lime
Initial substance: Urea (white crystalline substance with the chemical formula CH4N2O, which contains 46% nitrogen)
Dimensions: 146x380 mm with a thickness of 20 microns
Weight: 11 grams, of which 6 grams is the weight of the urea powder
Capacity: Up to 800 ml of faeces and urine
Costs: About 4 Eurocents per Peepoo (in the first high-speed production line operation)
Peepoo School Programme in Kibera slum.
Asia: Bangladesh, India, Pakistan
Africa: Kenya, South Africa
North America: Haiti
Organization: Peepoople - Sweden
Contact: Anders Wilhelmson
Used by: Bangladesh, Haiti, India, Kenya, Pakistan, South Africa
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447d | PeepoopleFocus group "Innovation for global health" with Peepoople's Partnership Director Martina Nee tonight at Karolinska Institutet #GHN15
Water & Waste Water